What Will My Baby Weigh With Gestational Diabetes?- Baby Weight With Gestational Diabetes

Baby Weight With Gestational Diabetes

Because gestational diabetes is a condition affecting pregnant women, this condition can also affect the babies of these women. As such, this might pose several complications for the baby, including increased birth weight, labor difficulties, hypoglycemia after birth, and risk for developing diabetes later on in life.

“Big” Baby-Baby Weight With Gestational Diabetes

Remember that glucose can cross the placental barrier, and too much glucose can make your baby fat. One of the complications that babies can have if gestational diabetes remains uncontrolled is macrosomia or a big baby. Macrosomia is defined as having a birth weight of 4500 grams or more. That translates to a weight of 9 pounds and 14 ounces, when the normal birth weight is only around 3400 grams.

Baby Weight With Gestational DiabetesAs a result of the weight of the baby, this might further lead to several complications. If the baby achieves this weight at around the seventh week of pregnancy, this might prompt obstetricians to deliver the baby prematurely since staying in the womb for a longer period of time poses some danger to the mother, such as possible uterine rupture. The baby will then have to be placed inside an incubator since his lung surfactants have not yet fully matured. Baby weight with gestational diabetes is directly related to blood sugar control in the mother.

If the baby reaches full term, the huge birth weight can still pose a problem on labor and delivery. Labor may be difficult since the baby will probably not be able to pass through the vaginal canal. Hence, Caesarean section would be recommended. If the mother pushes through with normal spontaneous delivery, there is a risk for the baby to have shoulder dystocia or shoulder fracture. Usually, the baby’s head is the biggest part of his body. However, for macrosomic babies, the shoulders become wider than the head, thus not being able to pass through swiftly into the birth canal. Although the shoulder fracture can easily heal because the babes bones are still soft and not yet fully formed, improper alignment can lead to bone defects as the baby grows older.

Other Complications-Baby Weight With Gestational Diabetes

Aside from possible injuries during delivery, the baby can also suffer from hypoglycemia immediately after delivery. The baby has gotten used to high glucose levels inside the womb. As a result, his pancreas responds by producing high levels of insulin to use up all the glucose coming from the mother. When the baby is born, the pancreas will still continue to produce high amounts of insulin as it still takes some time to get used to the outside environment. As a result, the baby can suffer from hypoglycemia or low blood sugar during his first few days of life. This should be carefully monitored by health care providers.

Studies also show that babies borne out of gestational diabetic mothers have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus later on in life. However, if you control your blood sugar properly during pregnancy, this risk could be lessened. Therefore, proper treatment and control of gestational diabetes is very important.

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How Do I Make Sure My Baby Is Not Being Affected By Gestational Diabetes?

Affected by Gestational Diabetes?

Affected by Gestational DiabetesAs a future mom, it is common for you to worry about the health of your baby even if the little one is still in your womb. Thus, when your obstetrician broke the news to you about your gestational diabetes condition, you might have immediately thought about the effects that this condition may have on your baby. This concern is nothing but normal, and this is a question that is frequently asked by mothers about their condition. Are there adverse effects on my baby and if so, is there something that I can do about it?

Is My Baby Affected by Gestational Diabetes?

Because your baby is inside your body, there will certainly be risks posed on your baby while you have gestational diabetes. Although there is a barrier created by the placenta between the mother and the baby so that certain substances and bacteria affecting the mother will not affect the baby, this barrier does not protect the baby from the effects of gestational diabetes. Glucose can still cross the barrier, since the baby’s nutrition depends on the mother. In addition, the baby’s pancreas is not yet mature enough to produce enough insulin, so any excess of glucose can be pretty detrimental to the baby.

If gestational diabetes remains uncontrolled, your baby may accumulate fats around the trunk and shoulders because of the excess glucose coming from the mother. Hence, vaginal delivery might become impossible, so you will either have to subject yourself to a caesarean section, or deliver the baby prematurely because he is already too big to be in your womb.

If you still try to deliver your baby vaginally, shoulder fracture might occur. Since your baby also go used to high amounts of glucose when he was still in the womb, the baby’s pancreas might continue to produce a lot of insulin even after birth, so that baby gets the risk of developing hypoglycemia or low blood sugar after birth. Studies also show that babies born of gestational diabetics have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus later in life.

How Can I Prevent My Condition from Affecting My Baby? Affected by Gestational Diabetes

The only way that you can prevent the aforementioned complications is to control your blood glucose levels throughout your pregnancy. Gestational diabetics need more prenatal checkups compared to other women who have normal pregnancies.

Your obstetrician might subject you to several tests to determine whether or not your baby is having problems related to your gestational diabetes. An ultrasound can show the growth and development of your baby, letting you know whether or not your baby is growing too fast because of high levels of blood sugar in your bloodstream.

A non-stress test can also be done to see if your baby’s heart rate is normal, hence letting the doctors assess the health of your baby. This test is usually done towards the end of pregnancy. Fetal monitoring will also be done during labor and delivery so as to determine the indications of distress caused by gestational diabetes.

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