3-Hour Gestational Diabetes Test

In order to make sure that a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes, she needs to undergo the 3-hour gestational diabetes test. This test measures the body’s ability to use glucose, thus diagnosing prediabetes and diabetes. It is a very common test that is used for determining whether one has gestational diabetes or not.

Pregnant women have increased chances for having a high 3-hour gestational diabetes test if she was previously diagnosed with gestational diabetes in a past pregnancy. She is also at risk for the condition if she previously gave birth to a baby weighing nine pounds or 4.1 kilograms. Those who are overweight and younger than 25 years old are also at higher risk of getting an abnormal 3-hour gestational diabetes test result.

Preparing for the 3-Hour Gestational Diabetes Test

Before you undergo the 3-hour gestational diabetes test, your doctor will advise you to have a diet containing at least 150 grams of carbohydrates for the three days prior to fasting. Carbohydrate-rich foods include cereals, breads, grains, fruits, rice, crackers, potatoes, and corn. Eight to 14 hours before the test, you are not allowed to drink or eat anything. You are also discouraged from exercising or smoking because these can affect the results of the 3-hour gestational diabetes test. Some medications may also affect the test, so it is important to tell your doctor about them so that he can tell you whether those drugs can affect the test or not.

How the 3-Hour Gestational Diabetes Test is Done

During the duration of the 3-hour gestational diabetes test, you will be asked to sit quietly since physical activity can have an effect on the test. You are also not allowed to drink or eat anything during the duration of the test, other than water and the solution that will be given to you for consumption.

Upon arrival, your fasting blood sample will be collected. This will serve as the baseline for the rest of the results that will be collected during the 3-hour gestational diabetes test. You will then be asked to drink 75 grams of a sweet, glucose-filled syrupy liquid. Several blood samples will be extracted after one, two, or three hours. Although it is best to drink the liquid in one go, you might feel sick and nauseous and might feel the need to vomit, which will only prevent you from accomplishing the 3-hour gestational diabetes test. Therefore, it is advised that you drink the liquid at your own pace.

Results of the 3-Hour Gestational Diabetes Test

The normal values for the 3-hour gestational diabetes test are as follows. It is measured in milligrams per deciliters (mg/dl).

  • Fasting glucose – less than 95 mg/dl
  • One hour later – less than 180 mg/dl
  • Two hours later – less than 155 mg/dl
  • Three hours later – less than 140 mg/dl

If your 3-hour gestational diabetes test results go over these values, you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Diagnosis is important in order to manage gestational diabetes properly and help prevent complications to you and your baby.

If you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes from this test and need management tools please sign up for my newsletter and receive FREE 3 dinner meal recipes for gestational diabetes and my FREE gestational diabetes ebook.  Find the sign up form on this page!

3-hour gestational diabetes test

FREE EBOOK

 

 

What Caused My Gestational Diabetes?

What Caused My Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women and poses risks to both the developing baby and the mother. This type of diabetes is characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. This can result into problems during pregnancy, at birth and in future. Many mothers will tend to ask themselves this. What caused my gestational diabetes?

What Caused My Gestational Diabetes?-Causes of gestational diabetes

what caused my gestational diabetesDuring pregnancy, women have some hormonal changes. This hormonal changes cause gestational diabetes. When some hormones made in the placenta (organ that links the developing baby to the mother’s uterus via the umbilical cord) increase, it becomes hard for insulin to manage the new levels of blood glucose. This situation is referred to as insulin resistance. As the pregnancy advances, the placenta increases in size thereby producing more hormones. Consequently, insulin resistance increases insulin resistance. Normally, a mother’s pancreas has the ability to prevail over insulin resistance by producing higher levels of insulin (approximately three times the regular amount). If, on the other hand, the mother’s pancreas fails to produce the necessary amounts of insulin to prevail over the effects of the high levels of insulin, blood glucose will increase leading to gestational diabetes. Luckily, pregnant women can take several precautions to control blood glucose and minimize health risks associated with gestational diabetes. A meal plan is important in preventing and managing gestational diabetes.

Meal plan essentials

Meal plan for pregnant mothers are built around a few essential ideas:

Carbohydrate issues: All types of foods have different combinations of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Carbohydrates affect blood glucose at a faster rate than proteins and fats. Proteins and fats affect blood glucose slowly and over a long period of time. Based on this fact, mothers should regulate intake of carbohydrate-rich foods.
Nutrition issues: It is necessary for pregnant mothers to choose healthy food options. Healthy foods contain nutrients that control gestational diabetes and sustain development and growth of the developing baby. A good meal plan should have healthy food choices.
Timing and portions issues: It is important for pregnant mothers to control their gestational diabetes by managing their eating patterns. A good meal plan outlines when to eat and the amount to eat.

Six important steps to follow:

-Eat less, frequent snacks and meals. Pregnant mothers should eat in intervals of 2 to 3 hours. Foods rich in carbohydrates should be spread evenly in order to maintain stable levels of blood glucose.
-Eat some healthy proteins. Proteins even out or balance blood glucose, make pregnant mothers feel satisfied and energized all day.
-Eat less breakfast. In the morning, blood glucose is often high. Breakfast should be light and have fewer carbohydrates to offset the high levels of blood glucose. Pregnant mothers should take some mid-morning snacks 2 hours after breakfast.
-Eat foods with high amounts of fiber. Pregnant mothers should eat breads, cereals, vegetables and fruits in their evening or afternoon meals for fiber.
-Avoid sweets and sugars. Fruit juices, soft drinks and desserts increase blood glucose rapidly. Pregnant mothers should avoid fruit juices during breakfast and soft drinks or desserts as they increase blood glucose without providing significant nutritional value.
-Avoid fats particularly if you have gained excess weight. Pregnant mothers ought to eat lean protein foods, avoid frying foods and shun convenience foods.

Looking for assistance with a gestational diabetes diet meal plan try this book!