Diet Plan for Gestational Diabetes

Diet Plan for Gestational Diabetes Management

diet plan for gestational diabetesGestational diabetes occurs in some women during pregnancy as the hormone levels change the body’s insulin requirement. Though it goes away after the child is born, it does increase chances of getting diabetes later in life. The following diet plan for gestational diabetes gives advice on how to eat healthy and effectively manage gestational diabetes.

Following a healthy diet plan for gestational diabetes will not only help to manage your blood glucose levels but also provide adequate nutrition to you and your developing baby. You will also be able to achieve the appropriate weight changes during the pregnancy period.

1. Carbohydrates-diet plan for gestational diabetes

There is a wide variety of foods that you can eat. For carbohydrates, you need at least 12 different choices each day. These should be spread over small meals and snacks throughout the day. Some foods that have carbohydrates include:
-rice, noodles and pasta
-potato, corn and cassava
-legumes such as beans and lentils
-fruits
-milk and yogurt
However, there are some carbohydrates that have little nutritional value such as soft drinks, sugar, cakes and biscuits. These are best avoided as they do not add any value to your body. Sometimes, you may be eating the correct type and quantity of carbohydrates but still experience high levels of blood glucose. In this case, you should not cut back on the carbohydrate intake. Sometimes, your body might need some extra help in order to manage insulin and blood glucose levels.

2. Fat-diet plan for gestational diabetes

The fat you eat should be very limited, more so the saturated fats. You should opt for healthy fats such as olive oil, canola, margarine, avocados and unsalted nuts. Though fat in the diet plan for gestational diabetes does not affect levels of blood glucose directly, they can cause weight gain if taken in large amounts and this makes it harder to control the levels of blood glucose.

3. Protein-diet plan for gestational diabetes

Protein is very important for the maintenance and growth of the body. Foods with protein include fish, eggs, reduced fat cheese, chicken and lean meat. These foods do not affect your levels of blood glucose directly. Though some of the foods listed above are listed as proteins, such as milk, they also have carbohydrates.

4. Iron and Calcium-diet plan for gestational diabetes

The body needs more iron and calcium during pregnancy. You should have 3 servings of food rich in calcium every day. This includes milk, reduced fat cheese and even calcium fortified soy milk. Iron from fish, chicken and red meat is readily absorbed into the body. In case you are vegetarian, you can opt for an iron supplement or even a pregnancy multivitamin.

5. Other Dietary Considerations-diet plan for gestational diabetes

There are some freedoms that come with this diet plan. For instance, nutritious food that will not cause weight gain or an increase in blood glucose levels can be freely eaten. Examples of these foods include lemons, limes and low carbohydrate vegetables. You should endeavor to have at least 5 servings of vegetables each day and also avoid the foods that cause allergies to you.
In conclusion, the diet plan for gestational diabetes involves foods that do not cause increases in levels of blood glucose, do not cause an increase in weight and are also nutritious. Eating healthily is therefore very important for a healthy mother and child.

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My One Hour Glucose Tolerance Test Reading Was High

My One Hour Glucose Tolerance Test was High

Do I Have Gestational Diabetes?

Once you are suspected to have gestational diabetes, you will be subjected to an oral glucose tolerance test to determine whether or not you really have gestational diabetes. For most women who are going to undergo this test, this can be nerve-racking as they do not know what to expect. Hence, it is very important to educate yourself regarding the glucose tolerance test so that you know the preparation, the procedure, and the normal values for the test results. This will also prevent you from subjecting yourself to undue stress that might adversely affect your baby.

What is the one hour glucose tolerance test?

The oral glucose tolerance test, also known as the one-hour glucose challenge test, is administered between weeks 24 and 28 of your pregnancy. This test will initially determine whether or not you are at risk for developing gestational diabetes. The results of this test are not conclusive, for a high value is still subject to a confirmatory test, the three-hour glucose tolerance test. A high value in this test means that you indeed have gestational diabetes.

How do I prepare for the one hour glucose tolerance test?

For the one-hour glucose tolerance test, there is no preparation required. You can take it right there and then since no fasting is needed. However, if you are going to undergo the three-hour glucose tolerance test, you need to fast for 10 to 14 hours before the test. You should also refrain from drinking or eating anything during the three-hour duration of the test.

What happens in the one hour glucose tolerance test?

one hour glucose tolerance testIn the one-hour oral glucose tolerance test, you will be asked to drink a sugary beverage that contains 50 grams of glucose. After finishing the drink, your doctor will wait for one hour before testing your blood glucose levels. During this one hour, you cannot eat or drink anything. After one hour, your doctor will extract a blood sample from you and compare your values with that of the normal range. If your blood sugar level is less than 130 mg/dl, this means that you do not have gestational diabetes and you will not be subjected to any more tests. However, once the value exceeds 130 mg/dl, you might have gestational diabetes, but the doctor needs to make sure first. Hence, you will be subjected to the three-hour glucose tolerance test. This means that the results of the one-hour glucose tolerance test only determine the possibility of having gestational diabetes, but they do not establish the fact that you really have gestational diabetes.

Once you are subjected to the three-hour glucose tolerance test, your doctor will first draw a blood sample after your 14-hour fasting. Next, you will be asked to drink a sugary liquid containing 100 grams of glucose, then have your blood samples taken one, two, and three hours after finishing the drink. This means that your blood sample will be taken for a total of four times. The normal values for this test should be 95 mg/dl for your fasting blood sugar, 180 mg/dl after one hour, 155 mg/dl for two hours, and 140 mg/dl for three hours. Any two values exceeding this range confirm your condition of gestational diabetes.

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If you believe you will eventually be diagnosed with gestational diabetes due to your one hour glucose tolerance test then please consider buying my book on meal planning for gestational diabetes from the trusted source below Amazon…

Common Portion Sizes of Carbohydrate Choices Part 3 – Milk and Dairy Gestational Diabetes

milk and dairy gestational diabetesWhen it comes to gestational diabetes, one of the most important things you need to look after is your diet. The main problem in gestational diabetes is that your body does not produce enough insulin or does not have enough insulin receptors to lower the glucose levels in the blood.  That is the reason why the foods that you eat contribute a lot to the management of your condition. Carbohydrates, most especially, should not be totally avoided, but ingested moderately to avoid sudden surges or dips in blood sugar levels. We shall discuss milk and dairy gestational diabetes

Aside from bread and other starches, you can get carbohydrates from milk and other dairy products. This includes soy milk and yogurt. This food group serves as great sources of energy, proteins, and fats. It is also high in vitamin A and calcium. Each serving of milk and dairy products is equivalent to 12 grams of carbohydrates. Here are the serving sizes:

Milk and Dairy Products Gestational Diabetes

Size of One Serving

Nonfat milk 1 cup
Low-fat, reduced, or skim milk 1 cup
Evaporated, fat-free milk ½ cup
Plain, unsweetened, low-fat soymilk 1 cup
Plain, light, low-fat yogurt 3/4 cup or 6 ounces
Low-fat, frozen yogurt 1/3 cup
Non-fat, fruit flavored yogurt with sweetener 1 cup
Sugar free custard, pudding, or evaporated milk ½ cup
Fresh milk 1 cup
Non-fat milk powder 1/3 cup
Non-fat or low-fat cottage cheese ¼ cup
Low-fat, reduced, or non-fat cheese 1 ounce
Peanut butter 1 tablespoon
Margarine 1 tablespoon
Low-fat or fat-free cream cheese 2 tablespoons

Tips on Including Milk and Dairy Gestational Diabetes Diet

  • Since you are pregnant, you can have four to five servings of milk or yogurt every day as part of your diet.
  • Drink more skim or low-fat milk instead of whole milk, since this contributes less glucose to your bloodstream.
  • If you want to add sweetener to your low-fat or fat-free yogurt, you can do so, provided that you use a low-calorie sweetener. There are many low-calorie sweeteners that are being sold in the market nowadays, especially made for persons with diabetes.
  • If you are going to use sour cream, you can use low-fat, plain yogurt as a good substitute. This can also work as a dip for chips and such.
  • It is best to eat dairy products that are either non-fat or low-fat. As much as possible, you should avoid foods that are high in saturated fat.

Aside from the tips that have been mentioned above, you should also keep in mind that you should eat in small, frequent feedings. Also ingest more protein, since this helps even out the carbohydrates in your diet. Proteins like meat and other meat products also give you energy, making you feel sated throughout the day. High-fiber foods should also be included in your gestational diabetes meal plan, and these foods include cereals and fruits. Indulge in sweets sparingly, as these can quickly raise your blood sugar levels.

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Regular Exercise Can Help With Gestational Diabetes

In a post by News Medical, about Gestational Diabetes and Exercise, they talked about :

Regular moderate-intensity exercise during the second half of pregnancy can improve fetal and maternal outcomes for women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), show study findings, although the team notes that regular exercise did not significantly reduce the risk for developing GDM per se.

As reported in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, Jonatan Ruiz (University of Granada, Spain) and colleagues assessed the benefits of an intervention promoting moderate exercise three times a week (50-55 min per session) from weeks 10-12 to weeks 38-39 of pregnancy versus usual care for 510 women who were initially healthy and diabetes free.

I usually encourage women to exercise, even just a little, especially after a meal.  It seems to help lower the blood sugar levels and improve the health outcomes, and now there is proof!  Now, regular exercise did not reduce the women’s chances of developing gestational diabetes, but it helped their blood sugar levels.  So, walking about an hour for 3 days a week – which is almost the same as the recommended 150 minutes of exercise per week we give to non-pregnant persons, makes a difference.

Keep walking and keep working on your meal plan, using a good meal guide!
Exercise can help with gestational diabetes!