Gestational Diabetes Breakfast Diet Meal Plan

slice of rye breadGestational Diabetes Breakfast

Gestational diabetes is a very common condition that occurs among pregnant women. If not controlled effectively, gestational diabetes may cause problems during pregnancy and may also affect the child and mother later in life.  A gestational diabetes breakfast to start your day is very important. Just like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes mainly affects the use of glucose in the body. Therefore, it is vital to ensure that it is properly managed in order to avoid passing the excess blood glucose to the unborn child. In case the excess glucose is passed on to the child, it may cause a condition known as fat baby or macrosomia. These babies are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, obesity, and breathing problems later in life. On the other hand, the baby is more likely to have hypoglycemia and/or damage to the shoulders during delivery.

Importance of breakfast to women with gestational diabetes

4.1.1A gestational diabetes breakfast menu needs to be very flexible in order to ensure that it can be easily adjusted to fit the current situation. Since no food is taken during sleep, it is normal for the blood sugar level to vary from the recommended levels (In most cases, it I lower than recommended). In such cases, it is critical to ensure a corresponding adjustment in the sugar level and carbohydrate of the breakfast meal in order to maintain the amount of glucose in the blood at a healthy level. Therefore, the carbohydrate-controlled plan needs to be individualized based on every woman’s preferences and needs. This is mainly because the type, amount and distribution of food during breakfast will affect blood glucose control throughout the day. However, due to
increased hormonal activity, carbohydrates are not tolerated well during breakfast. Though some carbohydrates are necessary during every meal, the bulk of breakfast needs to be comprised of protein in order to achieve better glucose control.

Breakfast foods for gestational diabetes

When coming up with a breakfast plan for a person with gestational diabetes, every dietitian aims at maintaining stable glucose levels throughout the day in order to provide enough energy and ensure provision of adequate nutrients for the mother and unborn baby.To avoid a sudden rush of energy, it is vital to balance carbohydrates with dairy and proteins.

Possible breakfast combinations include:

2 slices of wholegrain waffle, peanut butter spread and ½ cup of non-fat skimmed milk.
A slice of whole wheat bread, a hardboiled egg and ½ cup of non-fat skimmed milk.
Egg breakfast taco and turkey sausage
Egg sandwich and Canadian bacon on whole-wheat bread

It is very important to ensure that only sugarless dairy products are consumed. On the other hand, the milk should be skimmed with a low fat concentration. Avoid all beverages that increase the risk of diabetes such as alcohol, tea and wine and minimize the intake of fast foods.

Breakfast tips for gestational diabetes

Don’t drink fruit juice or eat fruits.
Avoid cereal.
Ensure that your breakfast has protein.
Eat a small (in terms of quantity) breakfast meal
Consume whole-grain bread products.

Hormones that boost blood sugar level are normally released in the morning making it quite hard to control blood glucose. Therefore, you need to follow these breakfast tips in order to control gestational diabetes more effectively.

What Caused My Gestational Diabetes?

What Caused My Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women and poses risks to both the developing baby and the mother. This type of diabetes is characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. This can result into problems during pregnancy, at birth and in future. Many mothers will tend to ask themselves this. What caused my gestational diabetes?

What Caused My Gestational Diabetes?-Causes of gestational diabetes

what caused my gestational diabetesDuring pregnancy, women have some hormonal changes. This hormonal changes cause gestational diabetes. When some hormones made in the placenta (organ that links the developing baby to the mother’s uterus via the umbilical cord) increase, it becomes hard for insulin to manage the new levels of blood glucose. This situation is referred to as insulin resistance. As the pregnancy advances, the placenta increases in size thereby producing more hormones. Consequently, insulin resistance increases insulin resistance. Normally, a mother’s pancreas has the ability to prevail over insulin resistance by producing higher levels of insulin (approximately three times the regular amount). If, on the other hand, the mother’s pancreas fails to produce the necessary amounts of insulin to prevail over the effects of the high levels of insulin, blood glucose will increase leading to gestational diabetes. Luckily, pregnant women can take several precautions to control blood glucose and minimize health risks associated with gestational diabetes. A meal plan is important in preventing and managing gestational diabetes.

Meal plan essentials

Meal plan for pregnant mothers are built around a few essential ideas:

Carbohydrate issues: All types of foods have different combinations of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Carbohydrates affect blood glucose at a faster rate than proteins and fats. Proteins and fats affect blood glucose slowly and over a long period of time. Based on this fact, mothers should regulate intake of carbohydrate-rich foods.
Nutrition issues: It is necessary for pregnant mothers to choose healthy food options. Healthy foods contain nutrients that control gestational diabetes and sustain development and growth of the developing baby. A good meal plan should have healthy food choices.
Timing and portions issues: It is important for pregnant mothers to control their gestational diabetes by managing their eating patterns. A good meal plan outlines when to eat and the amount to eat.

Six important steps to follow:

-Eat less, frequent snacks and meals. Pregnant mothers should eat in intervals of 2 to 3 hours. Foods rich in carbohydrates should be spread evenly in order to maintain stable levels of blood glucose.
-Eat some healthy proteins. Proteins even out or balance blood glucose, make pregnant mothers feel satisfied and energized all day.
-Eat less breakfast. In the morning, blood glucose is often high. Breakfast should be light and have fewer carbohydrates to offset the high levels of blood glucose. Pregnant mothers should take some mid-morning snacks 2 hours after breakfast.
-Eat foods with high amounts of fiber. Pregnant mothers should eat breads, cereals, vegetables and fruits in their evening or afternoon meals for fiber.
-Avoid sweets and sugars. Fruit juices, soft drinks and desserts increase blood glucose rapidly. Pregnant mothers should avoid fruit juices during breakfast and soft drinks or desserts as they increase blood glucose without providing significant nutritional value.
-Avoid fats particularly if you have gained excess weight. Pregnant mothers ought to eat lean protein foods, avoid frying foods and shun convenience foods.

Looking for assistance with a gestational diabetes diet meal plan try this book!

 

What Should Be My Calorie Intake With Gestational Diabetes?

What Should Be My Calorie Intake With Gestational Diabetes?

Just like in any other type of diabetes, women with gestational diabetes should watch what they eat. This is an important facet in the control and treatment of gestational diabetes. Neglecting you dietary restrictions and requirements will only worsen your gestational diabetes, leading to complications not just for you but also for your baby. To prevent these things from happening, health care providers and nutritionists advise women with gestational diabetes to watch their calorie intake. Thus, What Should Be My Calorie Intake With Gestational Diabetes? Special attention is paid to carbohydrates, since these are the sources of glucose that women with gestational diabetes are unable to fully utilize.

Assessment of gestational diabetes-calorie intake with gestational diabetes

Before giving you a meal plan and a list of foods to avoid, your health care provider will first assess your body weight, your total weight gain during pregnancy, and your eating habits before making recommendations on your diet. Remember, no two nutritionists will give you the same recommendations, since there are no hard and fast rules when it comes to a gestational diabetes diet. The food choices may vary, as long as you stick to the calorie intake recommended for you.

calorie intake with gestational diabetesYour eating habits will also make a large impact on your dietary recommendations. For example, if you are the type of person who gains weight quickly, then you might be asked to cut back on your caloric intake and to engage in exercises safe for pregnancy. If you have a sweet tooth, your doctor will recommend cutting back on those sugars and eating more fresh produce and lean proteins.

Calorie intake with gestational diabetics

For normal pregnant women, the recommended daily caloric intake is 2600 calories. Since you have gestational diabetes, doctors recommend having a slightly less caloric intake of 2000 to 2400 calories. It is only slightly lower than the normal recommendation because you are pregnant. As such, women are not advised to go on a restrictive diet during pregnancy, as this can adversely affect the health of your baby. Hence, doctors who recommend a lower calorie intake of 1500 to 1800 calories per day should know that they are putting both the mother and the baby in grave danger.

Although there is only a slight decrease in the daily caloric recommendation for women, what matters is how you distribute these calories into carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

Breaking down the calories-Calorie Intake With Gestational Diabetes?

In general, you have to watch your carbohydrate intake, since too much carbs will lead to an increase in your blood sugar levels. Your total carbohydrate intake per day should make up less than half of your total caloric intake. This means around 175 grams of carbohydrates per day, evenly spaced out throughout the day into 15 to 30 grams per meal. Eat more vegetables, high-fiber foods, and whole grain carbohydrates. Ditch the sugary ones.

As for protein, you can have two to three servings per day. Protein-rich foods include meat, fish, eggs, nuts, and dry beans. Remember to trim all visible fat from the meat and, as much as possible, go skinless. For fats, limit your intake but do not totally remove them from your diet as they provide long-term energy for growth and brain development.

And for my free ebook and for more on Calorie Intake With Gestational Diabetes please sign up for our newsletter at the top of this page!

The gestational diabetes meal planning book I created has meal patterns for both 2000 and 2400 calorie intakes!  Buy the book and you will have both!

You want to learn more about gestational diabetes meal planning click here? 

What Are The Healthiest Ways In Cooking For Gestational Diabetes – Grill, Fry, Microwave, Stovetop?

Cooking for Gestational Diabetes

In gestational diabetes, healthy eating does not only mean eating the right type of food. It also means cooking those foods in the right way. There are several cooking methods that cut great amounts of calories from foods that normally contain lots of fats. Good thing that there are several ways to cook healthy, and you are not limited to just one option. Grilling, stir frying, microwaving, and some stove top cooking methods can help you achieve your goal of eating healthy. Here are the reasons why these cooking methods are perfect for women with gestational diabetes:

Grilling –Cooking for gestational diabetes

cooking for gestational diabetesA lot of grilled foods are good for women with gestational diabetes basically because they are low in fat and high in nutrients. Moreover, grilling does not strip your food of flavor; in fact, this cooking method enhances flavor, making it not just a healthy way of cooking but also a delicious way of bringing out the flavor in your foods. You can marinate your food using olive oil and citrus juices to tenderize the meat and vegetables that you are grilling.

Just remember that if you are grilling meat, you have to remove the excess fats just like other cooking methods. Burnt fats produce heterocyclic amines (HCA) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), which are said to be cancer-causing substances. You also need to remember not to overcook foods, since the charred bits can increase the production of HCA and PAH. In addition, you can add herbs like mint, basil, rosemary, oregano, thyme, and sage to reduce HCA formation and to add flavor to your grilled foods.

Stir-Frying-Cooking for gestational diabetes

Stir frying is also a healthy way of cooking for gestational diabetes because it allows you to subject your food to very high heat for a short time. Hence, in order to cook them thoroughly, your food must be cut into smaller pieces and you must continuously stir the food to keep them from being burnt. For woman with gestational diabetes, you can stir fry different vegetables such as broccoli, bell peppers, mushrooms, and eggplants. Since you need to cut them into small pieces when you stir fry them, it will help also help you to control what you eat. You can also use olive oil to make your food a lot healthier.

Microwaving-Cooking for gestational diabetes

Microwaving is just like steaming, since you are just subjecting the food to heat without using any oils or fats. You can microwave goods like vegetables, fish, and chicken in order to retain their nutrients. You can also cover the food while microwaving so as to retain the steam inside. Just make sure that you use microwave-safe cooking vessels, such as glass and baking dishes. Metal, Styrofoam, and some plastic containers are not safe to be used in the microwave.

Stove Top-Cooking for gestational diabetes

Different stove top methods are considered to be healthy ways of cooking for gestational diabetes. These methods include steaming, simmering, and boiling. Steaming leaves your vegetables tasting crunchy but still nutritious because it uses less amount of water compared to boiling and simmering. Boiling and simmering are common ways of cooking vegetables by submerging them in boiling water, with the latter only using less heat than the former. All of these stove top cooking methods can be used to cook nutritious foods for cooking for gestational diabetes.

For more information on the dietary considerations for women with gestational diabetes, please sign up for our newsletter. Looking for a complete gestational diabetes meal plan then look no further.  My book of complete meal plan and recipes is located here available on  Amazon in the US and the UK!